By identifying breast cancer in its early stages, mammograms can help save lives. Women who do not exhibit any signs or symptoms of breast cancer are nevertheless able to undergo a primary mammogram in women’s health. Each breast is imaged with X-rays twice or more during screening mammography. Screening mammography can identify microcalcification, which suggests the presence of breast cancer. After screening mammography, a diagnostic mammogram can be utilized to further examine any symptoms that were identified. False-positive results, over-diagnosis and treatment, False-negative results, radiation exposure, and other factors have contributed to the controversy surrounding mammography. Diagnostic and screening mammograms are available.
Screening: Women who are asymptomatic get screening mammography to detect malignant breast disease at an early, potentially treatable stage.
Diagnostic: Imaging done on patients with symptoms or to investigate an anomaly discovered during screening mammography. Imaging should be used to characterize pathology and make a diagnosis.