A midwife is a trained expert in the field. The health science and profession of midwifery also referred to as obstetrics, is concerned with women's health, women’s sexual and reproductive health throughout their lives as well as pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum period in women’s health. The midwife's primary responsibilities are to assist with childbirth. According to reports, obstetrical interventions during childbirth are becoming more commonplace. Taiwan, China, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Puerto Rico, for instance, have national cesarean rates that range from 40 to 50 percent. The cesarean rate in the United States has increased from 23% to 29.1% since the early 2000s; rates in most European nations, Canada, and Australia are in the mid-20% range. Although trained midwives are present at the majority of births in several of these nations, they have been unable to stop the rising tide of cesarean deliveries, which is mostly physician-driven in women’s health. They are biomedically socialized and frequently overworked. The Scandinavian and Japanese countries are the exceptions, despite the efforts of both midwives and obstetricians to preserve typical vaginal birth in these nations. Cesarean rates in this area vary from 12 to 17 percent.

  • Birthing positions
  • Care of newborn
  • Labor and delivery

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